L’Aurore (Anthocharis cardamines)

 

Reconnaître l’Aurore

Cycle de vie

Plantes-hôtes

CardaminesAlliariaIsatisSinapisArabisLunariaBiscutellaHesperis

Répartition et habitat

The larva feeds on Brassicaceae like particularly Arabis (e.g. Arabis hirsuta in calcareous grasslands), Cardamine and Alliaria (forest roads, etc.).

Habitat:
Anthocharis cardamines inhabits clearings, light woodland, riparian forests, clearcuttings, woodland fringes, forest-near meadows, bushy grasslands, gardens and parks. It is only rarely observed far away from forests or groves.

Life cycle:
The pupa hibernates and the adults fly from late March or April to June, at about 1200m above sea level even in early July. The caterpillars can be found from late April to July.

Endangerment factors:
Anthocharis cardamines is not endangered. Although the butterfly is in decline locally due to dark forest management and destruction of floodplain woodland, it is still widespread and often quite common. The caterpillars are also found in gardens for example at Lunaria annua or Cardamine.

Remarks:
Anthocharis cardamines profits of windfall due to hurricanes, as thus suitable habitats arise in the otherwise often dark forests.

The total distribution extends across Europe and temperate Asia to Japan.

Étymologie

Moyens de défense, prédateurs et parasites

Hyposoter ebeninus

Phryxe nemea

Phryxe vulgaris

Galerie photos (Cliquez sur les photos pour les afficher en grand !)

Bibliographie

  • D. J. Carter, B. Hargreaves, Guide des chenilles d’Europe, Delachaux et Niestlé
  • J-F. Aubert, Papillons d’Europe I, Delachaux et Niestlé
  • B. Henwood, P. Sterling, R. Lewington, Field Guide to the Caterpillars of Great Britain and Ireland, Bloomsbury Wildlife Guides
  • H. Bellmann, Quel est ce papillon ?, Nathan
  • T. Lafranchis, D. Jutzeler, J-Y. Guillosson, P. & B. Kan, La vie des Papillons, Écologie, Biologie et Comportement des Rhopalocères de France, Diathéo, 2015
  • A. Lequet, Biologie et développement de l’Aurore
  • Bestimmungshilfe für die in Europa nachgewiesenen Schmetterlingsarten (Lepiforum) : Anthocharis cardamines
  • Lepidoptera and their ecology : Anthocharis cardamines
  • Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa : Anthocharis cardamines
  • Lépinet : Anthocharis cardamines
  • Artemisiae, le portail dynamique national sur les papillons de FranceAnthocharis cardamines
  • The Ecology of Commanster, Ecological Relationships Among More Than 7700 Species : Anthocharis cardamines